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Wayland's Isshin-Ryu Karate-Do

Dojo Terminology

 

A.

  • Age Uke          - Upward Block.

  • Age Zuki          - Rising Punch.

  • Arigato             - Thank you.

  • Ashi                 - Foot.

  • Ashi Waza        - All leg and foot techniques.

  • Atama              - Head.

  • Atemi               - Striking a vital area.

 

(Ashi Waza - Grandmaster Tatsuo Shimabuku & Harry Smith)

 

 

 

B.

  • Bo                    - A long stick used as a weapon (approximately 6 feet long).

  • Budo                - "Martial way."  The Japanese meaning for "BU" is martial and

   “Do” is way”.

  • Bunkai              - The study of techniques as it applies to Kata.

  • Bushido            - The way of the warrior.

 

(Bo – Grandmaster Tatsuo Shimabuku)

 

 

C.

  • Choku Zuki      - A Straight punch.

  • Chudan            - Mid-section or chest area.

  • Chuda Zuki      - A punch to the opponent’s chest area.

  • Chudan-Uke    - Chest area block.

 

(Choku Zuki – Bob Hill)

 

 

D.

  • Dachi               - Stance

  • Dan                  - Degree or Rank.  Black belt ranks.

  • Deshi                -Student.

  • Do                   - Way or path.  In karate it is the way to enlightenment.

  • Dojo                - The traditional place to  practice Karate. The place of the “Way”.

  • Domo Arigato  - Thank you very much.

  • Dozo                - Please.

 

(Dojo - Grandmaster Tatsuo Shimabuku’s Agena dojo (1960))

 

 

E.

  • Ekku                - Wooden oar.

  • Empi                - Elbow.

  • Enkei                - Circular motion.

 

(Empi – Don Bohan)

 

 

 

F.

  • Fudo Dachi      - Rooted stance.

 

 

G.

  • Ganmen            - Face

  • Gedan              - Lower-section / lower body area.

  • Gedan Barai     - Low or down block.

  • Gedan Zuki      - Low punch or a punch to an opponent’s lower body parts.

  • Geri                  - Kick.

  • Gi                     - A traditional Japanese / Okinawan Karate uniform.

  • Go                   - Five.

  • Godan              - Fifth degree black belt.

 

(Geri – Karl Hovey)

 

 

H.

  • Hachi               - Eight.

  • Hachidan          - Eighth degree Black Belt.

  • Hai                   - Yes.

  • Hajime             - The command to begin or start.

  • Hanshi              - A title given to the highest-ranking black belt or grandmaster.

  • Hara                 - Stomach.

  • Harai                - Sweeping.

  • Hatio                - Ridge Hand.

  • Hiza                 - Knee.

  • Hiza Geri          - Knee strike.

 

 

 

I.

·        Ichi                   - One.

·        Ippon               - One or one technique.

  • Ippon Ken        - One knuckle punch.

  • Ippon Kumite   - One-step sparring.

  • Ippon Nukitte   - Striking with or punching with the extended index finger.

  • Isshin-Ryu        - “One Heart Way”.

 

(Ippon Kumite – Donald Bohan & Dan Glover)

 

 

J.

·        Jo                     - A 4’-5’ wooden staff..

  • Jodan               - Upper-section / high head level.

  • Ju                     - Ten.

  • Judan               - Tenth degree Black Belt.

  • Judo                 - The gentle way.

  • Jun Zuki           - Lunge Punch

 

 

K.

  • Kakato             - Heel

  • Kakon              - Chin

  • Kama               - Sickle

  • Kamae             - Ready/posture..

  • Kara                - Empty.

  • Karate              - Empty handed.

  • Karate-Do       - The way of the empty hand.

  • Karateka          -  A karate practitioner.

  • Kata                 - A prescribed pattern of karate movements.

  • Kate Geri         - Hook kick.

  • Ki                    - Mind/Sprit/Energy.

  • Kiai                  - A yell used for the purpose of focusing  one's energy into a single

  karate movement or technique.

  • Kiba Dachi       - Horse (straddle leg) stance.

  • Kime                - The focus of one’s power or energy.

  • Koshi               - The ball of the foot.

  • Konichi-Wa     - Good afternoon.

  • Koban-Wa       - Good evening.

  • Kubi                 - Neck.

  • Kubudo            - The art of studying weapons.

  • Kudan              - Ninth degree Black Belt.

  • Kyu                  - Nine or any rank below that of Shodan.

 

     (Kama – Gary Bush)

 

 

M.

  • Mae                 - Front.

  • Mae Geri          - Front Kick.

  • Mae Ashi Geri – A lead leg front kick.

  • Makiwara         -Striking board/or post.

  • Matte               - Wait.

  • Mawashi Geri  - A Roundhouse kick.

  • Mawashi Zuki   - A roundhouse punch.

  • Migi                 - Right or right side.

  • Mikazuki Geri   - Crescent Kick.

  • Mune               - Chest.

  • Mushin             - The sate of no mind.

 

(Mae Geri – Karl Hovey)

 

 

N.

  • Naihanchi                     - Iron Horse.

  • Naihanchi-Danchi         - Side stance.

  • Nanadan                      - Seventh degree Black Belt.

  • Neko-Ashi-Dashi         - Cat Stance.

  • Ni                                - Two

  • Nidan                           - Second Degree Black Belt.

  • Nukite                          -Fingertips/spear hand.

  • Numite                         - A spear hand.

  • Nunchaku                     - An Okinawan farm tool used to thrash rice straw that was

        converted into a weapon.  It consisting of two sticks being connected by rope or chain.

 

(Nunchaku – Karl Hovey)

 

O.

  • Obi                  - A belt.

 

 

R.

  • Rei                   - To bow / A method of showing respect in the Dojo.

  • Renshei            - A person who is considered to be an expert instructor.

  • Riken-Uchi       - A back fist strike.

  • Roku                - Six.

  • Rokudan          - Sixth degree black belt.

 

(Rei – Donald Bohan (1974))

 

 

S.

  • Sai                   - An Okinawan weapon.

  • San                  - Three.

  • Sandan             - Third degree black belt.

  • Sanchin-Dachi  - The hourglass stance/Pigeon-toed.

  • Seiken              - Front fist.

  • Sempai             - A senior student.

  • Sensei              - Teacher / The title given to the instructor leading karate practice. 

   If  this person  is the head instructor of the Dojo this is their title

                                       permanent title.

  • Shi                   - Four.

  • Shichi               - Seven.

  • Shiai                 - A promoted match or contest.

  • Shihan              - Master instructor / A teacher of teachers.

  • Shuto               - Knife hand.

  • Shuto Uke        - Knife hand block.

  • Shodan             - First degree black belt.

  • Souke              - Tatsuo Shimabuku’s nickname.

  • Sokuto             - The side of the foot.

  • Suigetsu            - The solar plexus.

 

(Sai - Grandmaster Tatsuo Shimabuku)

 

 

T.

  • Tanden             - The area below the navel and the center of Ki.

  • Tate Zuki          - Vertical punch.

  • Tatsuo Shimabuku        - Founder of Isshin-Ryu Karate-Do.

  • Te                    - Hand.

  • Tetsui               - Hammer fist.

  • Tsuzukete         - To fight on.

  • Tobi Geri          - Jump kick.

  • Tonfa               - A rice grinding farm tool developed into a weapon by the

   Okinawans.

 

(Tobi Geri – Rick Niemira)

U.

  • Uchi                 - Inside.

  • Uke                  - Block.

  • Ukemi Waza    - Breaking techniques.

  • Uraken             - Back fist or back knuckle.

  • Ushiro Geri       - A back kick.

 

(Ukemi Waza – Rick Niemira)

 

 

W.

  • Waza               - Technique/s.

 

(Waza - Grandmaster Tatsuo Shimabuku)

 

 

 

Y.

  • Yame               - To stop or the command to stop.

  • Yasumi             - To rest.

  • Yondan            - Fourth degree black belt.

  • Yoko               - Side.

  • Yoko Geri        - Sidekick.

  • Yoko Tobi Geri            - Flying side kick.

 

(Yoko Geri - Dale Minor (1974))

 

 

Z.

  • Zenkutsu-Dachi            - A Forward stance.

  • Zori                              - A pair of Japanese slippers.

  • Zuki                             - Punch.

 

 Copyright © 2005 Wayland's Isshin-Ryu Karate-Do, LLC

 


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